The most commonly found type of cancer in men, prostate cancer occurs when the tissues lining the prostate gland turn cancerous. The prostate is a walnut shaped gland that helps the production of seminal fluid used in the transport of sperm. Prostate cancer treatment is highly successful if administered in the early stages of cancer growth.
Prostate cancer is found more commonly in the older population than among young men. It has some links with heredity.
Symptoms of Prostate Cancer
- Trouble in urination
- Decreased force of urination
- Discomfort or irritation in pelvic area
- Blood in semen
- Erectile dysfunction
- Bone pain
The prostate cancer treatment course is decided by factors like the rate of cancer growth, its spread and the overall health of the patient. The various treatment options are as follows
High powered energy is used to kill cancerous cells in radiation therapy. They can be beamed from outside the body, known as external radiation therapy. Radiation is also done internally by a process called brachytherapy where rice sized radiation seeds are placed inside the prostate cells. Though this technique has side effects like painful or frequent urination, it helps in speedy destruction of malign cells.
The cancerous cells of prostate gland grow with the help of testosterone hormone. Blocking the presence of this hormone can lead to the death of these cells or slow down their growth. This is done with the help of hormone therapy. This is done by administering medications to stop the production of testosterone or to stop it from reaching the prostate glands with the help of anti-androgens. In some cases, testicles are removed to stop or slow down the production of testosterone.
When the growth of cancer cannot be controlled by the above methods, surgery is used to remove the prostate gland. With the development in technology, robotic surgeries and laparoscopic prostatectomy is becoming common.
In addition to the above procedures, treatments like prostate tissue freezing also known as cryosurgery, chemotherapy, open prostatectomy, radical prostatectomy and biological therapy also called immunotherapy are used.
SIIUT (South India Institute for Urology and Transplant), based in Chennai, India offers advanced treatment for all urology disorders including cancer.
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