The prostate gland is the part of the male reproductive system and situated with the male urethra at the exit of its bladder. It is a walnut-sized gland that secretes a portion of the semen or seminal fluid. This seminal fluid is transport sperm from the testes. Seminal fluid is essential for the reproduction.
Cancer in prostate gland is known as prostate cancer. Prostate cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer death in males. Prostate cancer is very common in the men above 50 and often has fatty foods or has a family history of prostate cancer. Prostate cancer is developed from the abnormal growth of the adenocarcinoma cells in the prostate gland. Adenocarcinoma cells are developed from glandular tissue.
The exact causes of prostate cancer are not known but several risk factors are identified for developing prostate cancer. They are
· Genetic defects
· Inherited gene changes
· Genetic changes in cells normal growth
What are the symptoms of Prostate cancer?
The symptoms of prostate cancer are
· Frequent need of urinate
· Problem in starting, holding or stopping the urine stream
· Interrupted or weak urine system
· Not able to urinate or lose control
· Painful urination
· Blood in the urine
It is best to identify and treat prostate cancer at an early stage as it is difficult to treat prostate cancer at the later stage. It is not possible to cure prostate cancer at the later stage.
What types of tests are recommended to diagnose prostate cancer?
Prostate cancer is diagnosed by three tests. They are
· Digital rectal examination (DRE)
· Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test
· Prostate biopsy
What are the treatment options available for prostate cancer?
The treatment options for prostate cancer include
· Regular observation and surveillance
· Surgery (open, robotic, laparoscopic, perianal)
· Hormonal therapy
· Radiation therapy
· Focal therapy
· Bone directed therapy
· High intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU)
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